The Oracle Installation Guide describes a very long list of procedures to be done after the installation process. Some of them are necessary, some of them probably in your instance you will never need, but most importantly this document will not repeat them.
Please refer to the Installation Guide for this procedures. Here I will describe steps that are very helpful for the minimal installation that I used, and seem enough for the basic database operations.
There is one step in particular that is important, so that you may start and shutdown the database from the command prompt any time, or to allow the database to be autostarted during boot. Go to the /etc directory and edit the file oratab. In the line:
set the last value to Y and it should read:
Now save the file and go back to your Oracle home directory.
It is generally a good idea to automate the database startup at boot time on your database server. In this case you will need a script, which can be included in the run-level sets. Here is an example only. Please, tune it to your own machine and run-levels!
#!/bin/bash # # Run-level Startup script for the Oracle Instance and Listener # # chkconfig: 345 91 19 # description: Startup/Shutdown Oracle listener and instance ORA_HOME="/u01/app/oracle/product/18.104.22.168.0" ORA_OWNR="oracle" # if the executables do not exist -- display error if [ ! -f $ORA_HOME/bin/dbstart -o ! -d $ORA_HOME ] then echo "Oracle startup: cannot start" exit 1 fi # depending on parameter -- startup, shutdown, restart # of the instance and listener or usage display case "$1" in start) # Oracle listener and instance startup echo -n "Starting Oracle: " su - $ORA_OWNR -c "$ORA_HOME/bin/lsnrctl start" su - $ORA_OWNR -c $ORA_HOME/bin/dbstart touch /var/lock/subsys/oracle echo "OK" ;; stop) # Oracle listener and instance shutdown echo -n "Shutdown Oracle: " su - $ORA_OWNR -c "$ORA_HOME/bin/lsnrctl stop" su - $ORA_OWNR -c $ORA_HOME/bin/dbshut rm -f /var/lock/subsys/oracle echo "OK" ;; reload|restart) $0 stop $0 start ;; *) echo "Usage: $0 start|stop|restart|reload" exit 1 esac exit 0
You can simply copy and paste this file into your system and change it according to your settings.
Once you copy and edit the file, move it to the /etc/rc.d/init.d directory and change it's ownership and the attributes to be the same as the other files in the directory.
To do that and the following operations, you will need to be logged as root user.
The fifth line of this code reads:
# chkconfig: 345 91 19
It is used by the chkconfig command when setting the scripts in the run-levels. The value 345 lists the run-levels in which we allow Oracle to run, so if you want to be able to run an Oracle instances only in levels 3 and 5, then change this value to 35. The next value (91) describes the order number in the startup sequence. This means that if there are 100 startup processes, the Oracle startup will be the 91st to run. The next number is the shutdown number, meaning that when the system is shutdown and there are for example 100 processes to be shutdown, the Oracle process will be 19 in order. These numbers are used to set the relative position of the Oracle startup and shutdown processes. They are set here as an example. You can change them, but keep in mind that Oracle instancse can not be run without some processes in the system running beforehand.
Now execute the following command:
chkconfig -add oracle
This will add the corresponding links in the run-level directories as listed in the beginning of the script.
To test the newly created automation, you have to reboot your system, but remember that before this automation runs, the kernel parameters should be set. In fact you may include the kernel tune commands in your start) section of the above script.
If you have installed a typical database, there should be a user created called scott. The password is tiger. Just execute the following:
which should run the SQL*Plus interpreter and log in as user scott. You should see the screen like the following:
SQL*Plus: Release 22.214.171.124.0 - Production on Fri Feb 21 10:55:45 2003 Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle9i Release 126.96.36.199.0 - Production JServer Release 188.8.131.52.0 - Production SQL>quit Disconnected from Oracle9i Release 184.108.40.206.0 - Production JServer Release 220.127.116.11.0 - Production
Before exiting you can do some SQL on your own to just see the tables in this database schema or whatever you have in mind.
>From this point on it is a matter of your own creativity and purpose.