While PPP is used for Internet access you also need a dialer program (or script) that will dial a phone number and then start PPP once a connection is made. When the other side answers the phone, then three things happen: a modem connection is established (CONNECT), PPP is started at both ends, and you get logged in automatically. The exact sequence of the last 2 events may vary. Dialer programs for ppp include wvdial, chap scripts, kppp, RP3 (front end to wvdial and ifup), gnome-ppp, and "modem lights" (Gnome). Linuxconf configures some dialers.
There are also older dialer programs which can dial out (via a modem)
but don't connect to the Internet. Instead, you get connected to a
computer somewhere that puts a text image on your screen. This was
much used in the past to connect to Bulletin Boards. See
PCs and BBSs Today, it might be used to connect to
a remote computer that you may login to (including a PC at home).
Programs for this are:
minicom (the most popular),
(X-Windows only) and
Kermit. Some people have likely also used
these programs for dialing out with ppp for the Internet but it's not
what they were originally designed for.
Minicom is only a communications program while Kermit is both a communications program and a file transfer protocol. But one may use the Kermit protocol from within Minicom (provided one has Kermit installed on one's PC). Minicom is menu based while Kermit is command line based (interactive at the special Kermit prompt). While the Kermit program is free software, the documentation is not all free. There is no detailed manual supplied and it is suggested that you purchase a book as the manual. However Kermit has interactive online help which tells all but lacks tutorial explanations for the beginner. Commands may be put in a script file so you don't have to type them over again each time. Kermit (as a communications program) is more powerful than Minicom.
Although all Minicom documentation is free, it's not as extensive as Kermit's. In my opinion it's easier to set up Minicom, there is less to learn, and you can still use kermit from within Minicom. But if you want to write a script for automatically doing file transfers, etc. Kermit is better.
g-kermit is a gpled kermit which has no dialout capabilities.
Here is a list of some communication software you can choose from, If they didn't come with your distribution they should be available via FTP. I would like comparative comments on the dialout programs. Are the least popular ones obsolete?
ecu- a communications program
procomm-like communications program with zmodem
xc- xcomm communication package
telix-like communications program. Can work with scripts, zmodem, kermit
seyon- X based communication program
By using a fax program, you may use most modems to send faxes. In this case you dial out directly and not via ppp and an ISP. You also pay any long-distance telephone charges. email is more efficient.
efaxis a small fax program
hylafaxis a large fax program based on the client-server model.
mgetty+faxhandles fax stuff and login for dial-ins
mgetty+faxis for modems and is well documented (except for voicemail as of early 1999). It also handles fax stuff and provides an alternative to
uugetty. It's incorporating voicemail (using vgetty) features. See About mgetty
uugettyis also for modems. It comes as a part of the
ps_gettypackage. See About getty_ps
callbackis where you dial out to a remote modem and then that modem hangs up and calls you back (to save on phone bills).
xringdlistens for rings and detects inter-ring times etc.
termprovide a PPP-like service that you can run in user space on a remote computer with a shell account. See term and SLiRP for more details
ZyXELis a control program for ZyXEL U-1496 modems. It handles dialin, dialout, dial back security, FAXing, and voice mailbox functions.
ftp://metalab.unc.edu/pub/Linux/apps/serialcommor one of the many mirrors. These are the directories where serial programs are kept.
term are programs which are of use if you only
have a dial-up shell account on a Unix-like machine and want to get
the equivalent of a PPP account (or the like) without being authorized
to have it (possibly because you don't want to pay extra for it, etc.).
SLiRP is more popular than
term which is almost obsolete.
SLiRP you install it in your shell account on the remote
computer. Then you dial up the account and run SLiRP on the remote
and PPP on your local PC. You now have a PPP connection over which
you may run a web browser on your local PC such as Netscape, etc.
There may be some problems as SLiRP is not as good as a real PPP
account. Some accounts may provide SLiRP since it saves on IP
addresses (You have no IP address while using SLiRP).
term is something like SLiRP only you need to run
both the local and remote computer. There is no PPP on the phone line
term uses its own protocol. To use
term from your PC
you need to use a term-aware version of ftp to do ftp, etc. Thus it's
easier to use SLiRP since the ordinary version of ftp works fine with
SLiRP. There is an unmaintained Term HOWTO.
If you want someone who uses MS Windows to dial in to your Linux PC then if they use:
Third party dial-out programs include HyperTerminal Private Edition.